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Sunday, 15 April 2018
Busy, Bubbly ‘Junie B. Jones’ Comes to MCCC's Kelsey Theatre April 28


Busy, Bubbly ‘Junie B. Jones’ Comes to MCCC's Kelsey Theatre April 28



Youngsters will enter a world of fun when “Junie B. Jones” comes to Central New Jersey. Theatreworks USA brings the irrepressible first grader to the stage at Mercer County Community College’s Kelsey Theatre Saturday, April 28 at 2 p.m. and 4 p.m. Kelsey Theatre is located on the college’s West Windsor Campus, 1200 Old Trenton Road.

Based on Barbara Park's best-selling book series, this endearing musical chronicles a day in the life of our very outspoken and very active leading kid as she describes it in her "top secret personal beeswax journal.” Among Junie’s challenges are getting used to a new bunch of friends, meeting a new teacher, adjusting to wearing glasses, participating in the annual kickball tournament and other familiar childhood challenges. Young audiences will easily connect with this warm and bubbly heroine, who finds a way to succeed in the end and learns important lessons about friendship and acceptance along the way.

Theatreworks USA is America's largest and most prolific professional not-for-profit theater for young and family audiences. Since 1961, Theatreworks USA has enlightened, entertained, and instructed more than 96 million people in 49 states and Canada.

Tickets are $12 for adults, and $10 for children, students and senior citizens. Free parking is available next to the theater. Tickets may be purchased online at www.kelseytheatre.net or by calling the Kelsey Box Office at 609-570-3333.

Kelsey Theatre is wheelchair accessible, with free parking next to the theater. For a complete list of adult and children's events, visit the Kelsey website or call the box office for a brochure.  

Posted by tammyduffy at 2:42 PM EDT
Sunday, 8 April 2018
Pregnancy and Corporate America

Pregnancy and Corporate America
When a male manager says to a female subordinate, "You would have made your budget for the year, if you did not have a baby." That is a statement representative of lawsuit just waiting to happen. It is radically unacceptable in any setting to say this to a woman. When the statement is embraced by leadership, that is a culture that is in need of optimization. 
Women have been bearing the brunt of the collective stupidity of civilisation for a long time now. For the past few centuries, from the suffragette movement, to the first, second, and third wave feminist movements, men and women have stood up to question prevalent mind-set. But the separation continues. Why? No one seems to know. Some blame God, others blame the government. But there's hardly anyone who blames himself or herself for having fallen for a division that pits one half of the world's population against the other. The effects of this separation can be best studied in ways in which it has been brought about via a practise called the totalitarian tiptoe - where various forms and degrees of suppression and control tiptoe over centuries to gain complete dominance. We all have heard the adage divide and rule. The complete statement however is – divide man against woman and rule. Until we understand that no such division occurs naturally, we will continue to demean ourselves and the women of our planet by asking them, especially women who wear the pants at work, these childish questions.
Anyone who is anyone is so because they have worked towards getting there regardless of their gender. Sure, there are discrepancies here and there, especially among the most celebrated occupations of our times, but to conclude that women simply cannot be at the top, on basis of popular opinion which in turn in based on a fictional TV show, is a sign of a decaying society. 

While not much good can be said of today's education system, their institutions still remain the only way to certify one's talent. That is to say, there are both women and men passing out from some of the most prestigious educational institutions of the world, every day. And both, men and women, more often than not, give it all they have to pass with flying colors to get smashing degrees under their belt. If they both got this far by their own personal virtue and skills, how can differences occur from the moment they enter an office and get wider till they leave it?

 A woman who is a CEO is a CEO because she knows what she is doing and her efforts have been recognised. A woman who is a senior manager is in that position because she is good at what she does and knows how to deliver. Period. In questioning a female colleague's ability to perform a difficult task, just shows willful ignorance on the part of the person concerned and should be dealt with appropriately. However, when a woman is in a leadership position and her main focus is moving up the ladder, that is a recipe for disaster. All those below her suffer. When she ignornes bad behaviors of her subordinates to not upset the "boy's club", that is a bad place for women to work.   

 Going to work every day with the same people requires skillful relationship management. There may be personal conversations that occur and you may even forge friendships with coworkers – it’s often encouraged through company team-building events and activities these days. But, it’s important to remain professional with all coworkers, including your boss. While you want to build a strong relationship with your manager, it’s best to avoid mixing business and pleasure.


Posted by tammyduffy at 1:58 PM EDT
Tuesday, 27 March 2018
Visor wearable detects stroke with 92% accuracy


 Visor wearable detects stroke with 92% accuracy

A device worn like a visor can detect emergent large-vessel occlusion in patients with a suspected stroke with 92 percent accuracy, according to a study published March 6 in the Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery.

Conducted by clinical researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), Mount Sinai and the University of Tennessee Health Sciences Center, the study aimed to test the feasibility of the volumetric impedance phase shift spectroscopy (VIPS) device in detecting stroke in patients.

When a patient is having a stroke, the brain fluid changes and the VIPS sends low-energy radio waves through the brain that change frequency when passing through fluids. These waves are then reflected back and detected by the device which measures the asymmetry of the radio waves to identify the stroke.

In this study, researchers tested the device on both healthy patients and those with suspected stroke to evaluate the devices accuracy when compared to emergency clinicians. A total of three patient readings were conducted, which took an average of 30 seconds, and the VIPS device was able to detect patients with a suspected stroke with 92 percent accuracy. Clinicians using standard equipment only had an accuracy rate of 40 to 89 percent.

"This could potentially be something like a defibrillator. You can find out if a patient is having a stroke, just like you can put a defibrillator on a patient to see if they're having a heart attack." said Raymond D. Turner, MD, professor of neurosurgery and chief of the Neuroscience Integrated Center of Clinical Excellence at MUSC and principal investigator of the study. "Transfer between hospitals takes a lot of time. If we can give the information to emergency personnel out in the field that this is a large-vessel occlusion, that should change their thought process in triage as to which hospital they go to."

Posted by tammyduffy at 8:08 PM EDT
Sunday, 18 March 2018
Why We Climb




Why We Climb


I believe one of the main reasons why I enjoy going up mountains, either alone or with a group; is to allow me to focus on the motivation of learning, climbing to learn. Modern man seems to concentrate too much on the result, neglecting the value of the attempt. Learning goes beyond results. A person learns from trying.

If someone has done his/her own best and has used all his/her energy in the attempt, the learning experience is an excellent one and the result acquires its natural importance. Summits will be reached; in others; climbers will get as far as they can. One thing that I have always valued in my expeditions is people's courage to continue learning. I strongly encourage those who are consistently facing new challenges in search of a broader view of the world and of themselves; to climb a mountain.

Each expedition is a great opportunity to be back in touch with nature. A man/woman and their basic belongings, just to survive, making progress at the speed of their own steps, surrounded by an essential world.

It's about making a basic connection, a return to a state of unity, which is usually accompanied by an increasing perception of our relationship with the planet, the species we are a part f, and the cosmos around us.

All of the experience gained through the relationships developed with other members of our group is an important part of the expedition. Sharing so many special moments with our fellow-climbers makes us feel that exchanging becomes a basic experience. Sometimes, we have to share a small tent as we wait for a storm to stop. Other times we relax at base camp and, if everything runs smoothly we also share the happiness of reaching the summit, one of the most incredible experiences about mountaineering. Our fellow climbers are right there, becoming our closest beings and willing to give us a hand to achieve a common goal. I can recall some really difficult situations when the members of the group where the only ones one can count one. They can be moving experiences which help you remember the priority of values.

It is the experience which lies in our deepest self. Very little can be said about it since it is the most individualistic and secret aspect of the experience. It belongs to the the secret world where we find the answer to questions like why we went up the mountain.

In my experiences, every journey means a new way of seeing the world, a feeling of great objectivity, a state of mind which allows me to settle down and make the right decisions in harmony.

Finally, I believe that mountaineering is a highly humanizing activity, which can help people develop, especially if growing is their ultimate aim. Climbers know fairly well that going up the mountain means facing one's own challenge, many times away from home and in the middle of a hostile environment. One knows that problems will occur, as well as answers. Conquests and failure as well will occur. But one also knows that in the right way and that a new experience is gained every step of the way.

This is the virtuous circle: going ahead beyond results, sacrifice and one's own ego, keeping the strength to go along the path of attempt.

Posted by tammyduffy at 9:06 AM EDT
Hype Behind Self-Driving Trucks


Hype Behind Self Drivng Trucks 






Automation is the blue collar workers worst nightmare—or is it? Why autonomous vehicles offer the trucking industry an opportunity to address their ongoing driver shortage.  

In October, billionaire investor Warren Buffet’s company Berkshire Hathaway acquired a 38.6 percent equity stake in Pilot Flying J, the largest truck-stop chain in North America. By 2023, Berkshire will become Pilot Flying J’s majority stakeholder by acquiring another 41.4 percent of the company. 

In a world where technological innovation reigns, this may seem like a bad investment. However, according to Steve Banker, service director of supply chain management at ARC Advisory Group, the multi-billion dollar investment likely hinges on Buffet’s belief that autonomous trucks are not even remotely close to becoming a reality—meaning the human beings transporting our goods still need to stop at locations such as Pilot Flying J to refuel not only their trucks but themselves. 

In fact, the FSCMA’s electronic logging device (ELD) mandate, which requires drivers to obey a strict hours-of-service requirement, will further reduce the time drivers spend on the road, Banker says, which seemingly makes Buffet’s investment in travel stops a safe bet. 

Berkshire’s investment sends a strong message to a billion dollar industry plagued by driver shortages and costly regulations, but is the idea of relief via an autonomous fleet all hype? 

Semi-autonomous vehicles already move across American roadways every day, however, the road to fully autonomous vehicles involves surmounting significant technological hurdles.

While Banker believes this reality will eventually come to fruition, he says it might not happen as soon as the industry thinks. 

“When you look at the technological challenges, it's not like these are minor steps,” he notes. “Going from step one to step two is a huge technological hurdle that requires an order of magnitude, more information, much faster computers and much better machine learning capabilities. 

“Where we're at right now is step two. Arguably getting to step four is where Buffett would start to be impacted. But, there are just huge technological challenges to get there. It easily could be decades before we get there,” he adds. 

In the meantime, Banker speculates there will be “tens of thousands of warehouse workers thrown out of work, based on robots in the warehouse, before the first truck driver loses a job because of autonomous trucks.” 

Uber, who is one of the hundreds of technology companies racing to make self-driving trucks a reality, agrees with Banker’s timeline, envisioning a future where truck drivers and self-driving trucks work together to move freight around the country.

MIT Technology Review recently spoke with Uber’s Nancy Sun, who is the engineering lead for self-driving trucks, about the reality of self-driving trucks and the challenges still ahead. She tells the magazine that a world where the majority of vehicles on our roadways are autonomous is 10 to 20 (or more) years away. 

“It’s not like you’re going to flip a switch one day, and you’re going to have self-driving trucks everywhere doing everything for you,” she says. “It’s going to be a long journey to get to a point where it’s even going to be a majority-of-transit-happens-by-self-driving-vehicle world. It’s not in the next three years. It’s not in the next five years. We’re talking like five, 10, 15, 20-year future, beyond.”

And for Uber, that world is at the core of their mission to provide safe, reliable transportation to everyone, everywhere. Their ridesharing network is used by millions of drivers and riders every day, and now they are investing in trucking. In May of last year, the company introduced Uber Freight, a free app that matches carriers and their drivers with loads to haul. They’re also working hard on getting autonomous vehicles on the road through their Advanced Technology Group (ATG), which is comprised of a team of engineers dedicated to self-driving technologies, mapping and vehicle safety. 

“We saw an opportunity to drive the logistics industry forward, which is why we began Uber Freight,” says Sarah Abboud, a spokesperson for Uber. “Uber Freight has already begun to transform the driver experience, and we believe that a hybrid network of self-driving and driver operated trucks will only improve the logistics sector.” 

 Uber’s acquisition of tech startup Otto was a huge step toward achieving this hybrid network. In October 2016, the combined tech powers reached their first major milestone, successfully delivering the first commercial shipment by self-driving truck. While a human still sat in the cab, the truck delivered a trailer load of Anheuser-Busch beer from Fort Collins to Colorado Springs, Colorado, approximately 120 miles.   

“Job demands may change, but we believe there will always be a need for professional truck drivers,” adds Abboud. “Drivers will handle more dynamic parts of the job such as communicating with facilities workers, unloading, loading, city driving and final delivery. We also expect to see increased safety and efficiency, wherein self-driving trucks are an opportunity for drivers to have a say in where and how they work.” 

So while self-driving vehicles may not replace the need for human truck drivers, it may ultimately address the industry’s driver shortage by making the job more attractive. The American Trucking Association estimates that the for-hire trucking industry’s driver shortage stood at roughly 58,000 in 2015, due to several reasons, including demographic, regulatory and the fact that drivers are away from home for a period of time. 

Uber is listening to truck drivers, unions and others who depend on the trucking industry for their daily lives to better understand their needs, so Sun says they are able to make technology that supports the industry well. 

“We’re not looking to eliminate people’s livelihoods. We’re looking to supplement and help improve their livelihoods,” she adds. “A model where self-driving trucks automate a lot of the long-haul routes and drivers continue to operate going from a transfer hub to a distribution center, driving more on the local routes near their homes, is a route we’re super-interested in pursuing.” 

Technological challenges are chief among concerns that block the road to self-driving trucks. But doubts in regards to safety, government regulations, infrastructure, and of course, cyber security also linger. 

There's a huge machine learning, vision recognition challenge; there's just so much going on once you get off the highway, and you start to get into a city environment. The machine learning issues, are massive, but I think those can be tackled, eventually,” Banker explains. “But, there's also the cyber security issues. Foreign governments have proven that they can hack into anything. They could hack into cars, but the bigger terrorism threat is to turn an 80,000 pound truck into a guided missile. I don't think we're anywhere close, to solving that issue.” 

In terms of regulatory roadblocks, Banker says that is probably least of the industry’s worries. “The government will do tests first; they'll do pilots first. If they like what they see, I don't think the hurdles will be too hard to get to regulations that will allow for this,” he adds. 

Right now, the United States has varying regulations at the state level controlling the deployment of autonomous trucks. But federal regulators recently took the first step toward creating a policy guiding the development of autonomous transportation beyond self-driving cars to include trucks, buses and other ground-based modes.  

During a January speech at the annual Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas, Transportation Secretary Elaine Chao said the U.S. Transportation Department will soon publish four requests for public comment on how to cast aside roadblocks for transportation advancements in vehicles, trains, buses, commercial trucking and transit systems. Calling current regulations numerous and outdated, Chao said an update would allow for innovation to move forward.

In addition, self-driving pilot programs have taken off in several states such as Oregon, where Daimler, a commercial vehicle manufacturer, has tested a concept called platooning. Platooning is when a group of computer-controlled trucks drive closely together to save fuel.

For Daimler, the test was a first big step for technology they say stands for more efficiency and safety.

“In truck platooning, connectivity and automated driving improve safety within the vehicle convoys, support drivers and enhance efficiency through closer distances between the connected trucks,” Daimler said in a news release. 

“When the legal framework is set, Daimler Trucks customers will be able to operate their vehicles in platooning mode,” the company added.  

Pittsburgh has also allowed multiple experiments with autonomous cars, becoming a somewhat safe space for the testing of self-driving technology. Uber is among several tech companies conducting experiments in Steel City. 


As for Uber, they consider regulatory agencies key stakeholders in their journey. “Our general approach is to maintain close engagement and transparency with these agencies. We believe this approach better prioritizes safety and is rich with opportunities for continued dialogue and two-way education,” Abboud says.


Posted by tammyduffy at 12:01 AM EDT
Saturday, 10 March 2018
Overcoming Our Largest Challenges


Overcoming Our Largest Challenges



Attempting Aconcagua's summit is a huge challenge, from both the sportive and from the personal points of view. Therefore, every aspect of one's personal psychology is present throughout the process, even at the very beginning, when motivation is stirred and challenge is sought and accepted. They are also present at the beginning of training, a time when new ideas are developed, new techniques and knowledge are incorporated and the body is trained. Finally, there are present at the moment of the actual attempt, when every single technique has to applied in real situations and real difficulties appear. Your mind will be playing an important role at all of these stages. It is important, then, to straighten it, making use of techniques to open up a way to personal power, which will provide you with the most positive attitude towards your goal. Otherwise, you might be weakened when you need to be your strongest.



Our mind is very powerful. If you manage to control this power, trying to neutralize its negative aspects and focusing on the positive ones, you will be able to generate new ideas and to realize them.



A positive minds provides you with guidance, support and strength. It helps you cope with efforts and sacrifice toward a given end, it pulls you through when you seem to be giving up, it encourages you to go beyond what you thought was possible. It helps you understand and overcome the experience.



Our mind expresses itself through our thoughts, feelings, acts and will. The power of a positive mind can be shattered by an unexpected event during and expedition, which might lead to psychological and emotional unbalance. This, in turn, may result in a boycott or even loss of everything achieved thus far. Remember that failure means not doing your best. Doing anything but your best is all we should be doing, no matter what we are doing.



The best way to train your mind for an exhibition is to understand that you already have an objective. An objective that you want to face and challenge in the best possible way. Mind training does not only fight negative reactions, but it also opens up ones individual hidden reserves, thus providing a new- often unknown source of energy. Negative emotions, such as worry, anxiety, restlessness and insecurity, may be harmful. They have a hypnotic influence on one's brain, which accounts for a weaker will power, loss of direction and an inclination toward mistakes and failure. Many people have not yet succeeded in solving this problem with efficiently.



Training the mind is a way to foster emotional and attitudinal balance by developing skills, such as relaxation, visualization and concentration, all of which will be an aid in creating the right state of mind at will.



Motivation is the first step into achieving. It stirs a certain interest or attraction inside an individual , calling the person's attention insistently.



Volition is the basis of every effort and constitutes the core of mind training. Will power is a human feature which can push a person beyond his/her limits. To achieve a given sports performance, training must state with a number of techniques to consciously improve will power.



This power can manifest itself in many ways; as the wish to succeed, or simply commitment to do something that the person considers important. There is a certain inner motivation in it.. It is no coincidence: it is the commitment to achieve something you really want.



There is no control in volition itself. It is like electricity, displaying certain potential until it is actually used in the right mechanism. It is a kind of potential activated in sports through dedication and discipline and which awakens both body and mind powers.



Self-confidence is part of volition. It evidences the belief that there are no condition's and that we can behave as free creatures. Volition is nurtured by various types of energy: memories of the one's own success and achievements, important moments in ones life. Some experiences tend to make this stronger; some can weaken it. It is each individual's task to select the ones that activates the most positive aspects of volition , based on personal, natural preferences.



Working on volition is useful throughout the whole process, even at times when your energy decreases and there is a blurred idea of what you want. After identifying volition and the best ways to take advantage of its influence, a plan of action should be developed in order to channel this energy toward achieving your goal.




Posted by tammyduffy at 5:44 PM EST
Saturday, 3 March 2018
Prints Showcase Vital Artistic Exchange between Mexico and United States Now on View at Zimmerli Art Museum




Prints Showcase Vital Artistic Exchange between Mexico and United States

Now on View at Zimmerli Art Museum


Current media coverage of Mexican-American relations tends to focus on contentious – if not outright hostile – political rifts. However, during the 1930s and 1940s, artists captured the world’s imagination by portraying Mexico as a leading cultural destination, home to an internationally renowned muralist movement and a vibrant printmaking community. The Zimmerli Art Museum at Rutgers focuses on this critical juncture in art history with Impressions: Prints of Mexico, 1930s-40s / Impresiones: Estampas de México, 1930s-40s, featuring 37 prints by Mexican, American, and European artists who promoted a romantic and idealized country during an era of radical change, which has shaped an enduring vision of Mexico in the American imagination. On March 6, Art After Hours: First Tuesdays celebrates Impressions / Impresiones with an evening of free programs: curator-led tours in English and Spanish; interactive activities presented by Rutgers-New Brunswick Mexican-American Student Association and Rutgers Bachata Club; and music by DJ RataPrincess. Details are available at bit.ly/ArtAfterHourZTues. The exhibition, primarily drawn from the Zimmerli’s extensive collection of works on paper with additional loans, runs through July 29, 2018. Most of the works are on view for the first time, with all of the wall texts and labels in both English and Spanish.


“This exhibition takes a broad, transnational approach to consider the transmission of art between Mexico and the United States during the early 20th century,” notes Nicole Simpson, the Zimmerli’s Assistant Curator of Prints and Drawings. “It demonstrates how traditions from the neighboring countries have contributed to the multifaceted definition of what is deemed ‘Mexican’ art.”


In the years following its Revolution (1910–20), Mexico became a leading art center, driven by the work of the Trés Grandes muralists (Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco, and David Alfaro Siqueiro) and a tradition of printmaking across the country. Artists from around the world visited Mexico, studying and working with local masters to depict their own impressions of the country’s history, traditions, and people. They created pictures of an attractive, charming, even exotic, Mexico; an image that was eagerly consumed by American audiences.


Although residents of the United States expressed an avid interest in visual depictions of Mexico, the two countries experienced a complicated and intertwined relationship. Both nations faced large-scale recovery efforts – the former from the Great Depression and the latter from the Revolution – and later served as Allies in the Second World War. However, during the late 1920s and early 1930s, the United States government oversaw a repatriation of more than one million people of Mexican descent. While the event is largely overlooked by history books, the biases it generated remain prevalent in political rhetoric.


This exhibition focuses on the important role that prints played during the 1930s and 1940s in perpetuating the idea of Mexico as a country steeped in tradition. Stylistically, these prints range from socio-realist, documentary views, to works that draw upon the ancient forms of Mesoamerican art, as well as forward looking subjects that incorporate modernist compositions and Cubist-inspired shapes. This exhibition is divided into three sections that reflect internal and external perspectives of a rich cultural heritage.


“Everyday Mexico” considers how artists, the majority of them tourists from outside the country, depicted the markets, street vendors, and local populations. Women of Oaxaca (1940) by Canadian artist Henrietta Shore is an abstract, rhythmic composition of women carrying water jugs that turns a mundane task into a beautiful, evocative scene. The American Howard Norton Cook’s Taxco Market (1932-33) meticulously details the produce and vendors of an open-air market. American artist Olin Dows also captured traditional craft in the woodcut The Mat Sellers (1933), but with a crisp, modernist rendering.


The section “Jean Charlot” focuses on the French artist and historian who researched and reinterpreted Mexican art and history. His color lithograph Malinche from the 1933 series Picture Book (several images are on view) transforms this historical woman who played a pivotal role in the Spanish conquest of Mexico into a childlike figure. Conversely, Volador (1948) presents a dramatic view of the pre-Columbian ritual ceremony Danza de los Voladores (Dance of the Flyers): performers climb a multi-story pole and, attached to ropes, fling themselves from it, spiraling to the ground. Here, Charlot’s sturdy, monumental figure atop the pole recalls Mesoamerican sculpture and stone carvings, which he witnessed firsthand as staff artist to the excavation at Chichen Itza.


“Mexican People: A Portfolio of Labor and Industry” displays a complete 1946 portfolio by artists from the famous Mexico City printshop Taller de Grafica Popular (People’s Graphic Workshop, founded in 1937). It was commissioned to document and promote Mexican products, with artists’ traveling throughout the country to witness traditional, often labor intensive, crafts. Alfredo Zalce’s color lithograph Lumber Workers depicts men precariously balanced on floating logs as they attempt to saw them down to size. Isidoro Ocampo’s Pottery Maker captures the subject kneading clay with his feet, the beginning of a multi-step process to create the vessels that were necessary for so many daily domestic activities, as well as a popular worldwide export.


Other artists include: Emilio Amero, Raul Anguiano, Alberto Beltran, Angel Bracho, Arturo Garcia Bustos, Prescott Chaplin, Miguel Covarrubias, Richard Day, Irwin Hoffman, Leopoldo Mendez, Francisco Mora, Pablo O’Higgins, and Fernando Castro Pacheco. In addition, Diego Rivera’s 1930 lithograph Nude with Beads (Frida Kahlo) is on view. This intimate and revealing portrait of the young artist, created the year after they married, is one of only a few lithographs ever made by Rivera. 


Impressions: Prints of Mexico, 1930s-40s / Impresiones: Estampas de México, 1930s-40s was organized by Nicole Simpson, Ph.D., Assistant Curator of Prints and Drawings, with Diego Atehortúa, Rutgers University Class of 2018. The exhibition, on view February 17 through July 29, 2018, is supported by PNC Bank.

Posted by tammyduffy at 6:08 PM EST
Saturday, 24 February 2018
Hydration and Mountaineers



Hydration Safety in Mountaineering 

Mountaineers know that, at a certain point, hydration becomes an even more important aspect than food. We know for a fact that our body is mainly made of up water and, therefore, proper functioning will greatly depend on a balanced content of this basic element. Dehydration, on the other hand, influences sensibility on athletic performance. The body's loss of liquid is significant in the mountain and tends to become worse as ascent progresses. Lack of oxygen saturation in the blood causes hyperventilation and huge amounts of liquid are lost in the form of vapor- through breathing.

Dry air and sweating contribute to such loss of fluids. The speed at which fluids are lost varies from person to person. It can be through sweat, breathing, urine or diarrhea. People are not always aware of the amount of liquid that is being lost.

Certain drugs, such as Diamox, can cause dehydration due to their diuretic effect. Keeping the body hydrated is essential to reduce risks related to hot and cold weather or to altitude. If you make the decision to take Diamox, you must increase your liquid intake by almost double in some instances.

The most natural way to make up for lose liquid is drinking water. But this vital element is not easy to be found at high altitudes in the mountain. In fact, the only way to have water at certain points during the ascent is melting snow or ice found along the way.

The problem is that this water lacks the mineral salts necessary to stop the feeling of thirst and make up for the minerals (especially sodium) lost through sweat. Therefore, some minerals must be added to this water so as to make it good for hydrating, which can be achieved by either preparing some juice, soup or another hot drink.

A simple, yet highly effective recipe to provide water with the necessary juices, without giving it the sometime harmful levels of acidity found in some powder juices for example:

In one liter of water add 5g of tartaric acid and 6.5 g of baking soda

These products are easy to find. It is advisable to weigh them and carry them in separate envelopes. The truth is many suffer from strong stomach acidity due to drinking high volumes of powdered supplements during mountain climbs.

A climber must know that a minimum of 5 liters of water is needed on a daily basis to achieve both body re-hydration and a good adjustment to the altitude. This will also help with the Ph loss that hyperventilation might cause as well.

Lime tea works as an amazing sedative to help you sleep. Mint teas help with digestion and the altitude.

Posted by tammyduffy at 9:51 AM EST
Saturday, 17 February 2018
Highest Art Gallery in the World

The Highest Art Gallery in the World

photo of Miguel sharing Mata tea with Duffy


As with most things, you can climb Aconcagua the easy way or the hard way. While the easy way doesn’t need gear, more injuries and death happen on this route as people underestimate the elevation and the cold, especially as there are no permanent snowfields.
 The world’s highest contemporary art gallery is The Nautilus, located about 14,000 feet above sea level in a tent at Plaza de Mulas, the base camp on the western face of Mount Aconcagua in Argentina. Established by artist Miguel Doura in 2003, the gallery officially broke the world record in November 2010.

It is open seasonally during the climbing season (early December to early March) and dismantled during the winter months, when the extreme weather conditions make it impossible to keep it open.

Doura’s choice of medium is oil pastels, as these can better stand the extreme winds and temperatures. This unique art space is an amazing sanctuary. Miguel studied fine arts for 5 years in Buenos Aires. 



Posted by tammyduffy at 1:21 PM EST
Monday, 12 February 2018
Helping Women Stay Safe




Helping Women Stay Safe



We all have an obligation and responsibility to intervene when someone is in danger or trouble. Put yourself in the position of the victim. Wouldn't you want to be helped? I know I would. You could have been put in place in that certain moment to make a difference and to possibly save the life of another human being. Step up to the plate. Be courageous. Have love for your fellow man/woman/child/animal.

What kind of a society do you want to live in? The criminal element expresses itself from time to time. When you choose to step up and engage in protecting those around you and discourage the criminal elements in society, you are investing your time and energy in building a life encouraging society for yourself and all your loved ones. We cannot accompany all our dear relatives and friends as they go about their daily tasks, but we can protect other wayfarers in the hope that others will step in to help us and our loved ones when confusion occurs. Whether we believe it or not, we do shape the society that we live in, can we really live with ourselves when we ignore each others pain?

All people should have the will and desire to help others, even those who are bystanders to a crime. People should want to help their fellow man and try to do the best by them in hopes that one day if they need help someone will be willing to step up and help them as well.


Here are things you can do to “stay safe(r).”



1. Walk with our keys grasped between our fingers in case we need to use them as a weapon.
2. Making sure to have the correct key out and ready before we get to our door
3. When someone is walking closely behind us on the street, we stop to pretend to make a phone call or otherwise occupy ourselves to allow them to pass in front of us.
4. Walk past our destination, particularly if it’s our home, if someone has been trailing us for a while.
5. Scope out potential safe havens if someone appears to be following us.
6. Stay in well-lit areas at night even if it means taking a longer route.
7. Switch up our running routes to avoid potential stalkers learning our route.
8. Change direction if a car appears to be following us while we’re walking on foot.
9.Run outdoors with only one earbud in to keep the other on our surroundings.
10. Pretend to listen to music while walking by men who attempt to engage with us.
11. Change the locks when house keys are misplaced.
12.Take alternative routes to avoid areas we know we are likely to face street harassment.
13. Cross the street when we see men who look like they might be drunk.
14. Late at night, cross to the other side of the street when anyone is walking towards us.
15. Avoid eye contact with men trying to get our attention.
16. Decide the cost of a taxi is worth it.
17. Avoid entering stairwells or elevators occupied by only one other person who is a stranger.
18. Text a friend before going out for a run or on a date with a stranger.
19. Avoid social situations if a man whose prior advance made us uncomfortable might be there.
20. Decide not to open Facebook messages from unknown men, who could see the message has been “Read” and become hostile and harassing.
21. Never open the door for someone we’re not expecting and stay still until the doorbell stops ringing.
22. When bringing heavy bags and packages into the house or apartment, locking and unlocking the door with every trip.
23. Avoid sleeping naked in case of an intruder or on-looker.
24. Buy pepper spray: for the purse, for the car, one for the home.
25. Make sure we’re not the only woman on the subway car or bus.
26. Avoid getting off at our bus or train stop if a man who has been staring exits at the same time.
27. Check our mirrors frequently while driving, noting characteristics and license plate numbers of cars trailing close behind.
28. Driving in a circle if we sense we might be followed.
29. Park next to a light post when it’s dark outside.
30. Wear a hoodie when driving late at night to appear male to other drivers.
31. Check for an official city medallion number when entering a taxi.
32. Never leave a drink unattended at a party.
33. Run outside in baggy clothes, even if it’s hot, to decrease the chances of unsolicited commentary on our anatomy.
34.Making sure we have enough cell phone battery life before leaving one location to last until we get to another.

Posted by tammyduffy at 12:01 AM EST

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